Speed Now Packs A Bigger Punch for CGI Films

May 23, 2023

The days of long, languid CGI FILMS are gone, being replaced with short, snappy sequences that mirror the social media demand for disruption of the viewer’s eyeline.

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

In an arms race for cut-through, CGI sequences are getting shorter and faster as attention spans become even shorter still.

Those of a certain vintage will remember the epic fight scene in Rocky IV between Rocky Balboa and Ivan Drago, still classed as the finest fight scene ever filmed and directed.

Sylvester Stallone recently went back into the editing studio to re-cut this entire scene from the movie for the modern viewer, as the original sequences from 1985 are, in his words, “just too damned slow and cumbersome for today’s world.”

We’ve witnessed the exact same shift in viewing tolerances with our recent CGI film sequences. But instead of a 35-year change in the process, we’ve seen the attention span of our viewers plummet in the last five years.

The excerpt shown here is just a small part of the opening sequence from a 2018 urban apartment scheme in Birmingham and explores how we would now look to re-cut this original sequence from 27 seconds to 8 seconds just to hold the viewers’ attention.

That’s a reduction to a third of the time, in just five years!

Basically, we’re moving from CGI film production to film trailers.

The days of long, languid shots and smooth tracking pans are gone. We’re replacing these tools with short, snappy sequences that mirror the social media (and I include LinkedIn in this) demand for disruption of the viewer’s eyeline, to cut through the vast amount of content being pumped out.

It’s an arms race. Our CGI sequences are getting shorter as attention spans become even shorter still.

How far this particular trend will extend will be interesting to see, but I believe we have a little way to go before we reach the cut off point. As long as we ease back well before we reach the realm of ‘Blipverts’ (one to three second advertising segments) or perhaps the trend will buck as we sprint towards a saturation point of the content we’re all willing to consume.

One thing is for sure though, the next stages will need to be faster and faster as we scroll quicker and quicker.

Zen And The Art of Floor Plan Design

April 25, 2023

The evolution of interior design is proving to be very appealing and successful, but are your floor plans following this same clean design style?

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

Interior design for property development has seen a recent move from the popular “Soft-Scandi” approach and is now referencing terms such as Japandi (a combination of Scandinavian functionality with Japanese rustic minimalism) with following the lines of minimalist, uncluttered, design – maximising space and light.

This evolution of interior spaces is proving to be very appealing and successful, but are your floor plans following this same clean and orderly design style?

We recently “inherited” some previously designed floor plans as we were commissioned to take over the branding, design and marketing for a contemporary residential scheme and were amazed at the level of information that was loaded into the existing marketing floor plans that we were supplied.

The herringbone timber flooring to the ground floor and carpets to the upper levels were shown in full graphic illustration, confusing the potential buyer’s eye and detracting from what our plans are really wanting to portray – space and light.

Often, in the marketplace, we see plans that are a level better than this “load everything into the plans including the kitchen sink (although we advocate adding the sink and hob positions to our plans as an important addition!)” but are still too cramped and infilled with heavy colours or dark tints.

When it comes to creating marketing plans for houses (and apartments) that work at an optimal level that are informative and easy to understand, I’m from the Zen-like school of thinking.

Clean, crisp and simple. White space, minimal furniture clearly giving a sense of perspective of each room’s size. Light grey or light colour tints for the exterior and stud walls. A super-light tint surrounding the plans to accentuate the white space of the floor plans themselves.

Dims should be listed alongside, not placed inside the plans themselves. We also like to add small arrows to our plans to show the exact position the dimensions are measured from, especially with rooms that have a dog-leg design layout.

And finally, although of primary importance, size matters. Too often we see a three-storey, five bed home with its floor plans all squeezed onto a single page. We’re selling square footage here so look to keep one or a max of two plans side by side on a full page, allowing our buyers to really study the architectural and interior design and understand the flow of the rooms and entire home.

By showing less we can actually show more and give our viewers a much better understanding and representation of the homes we’re marketing to them.

Apartment full-floor and individual plans follow this same set of principals but also have their own additional idiosyncrasies which I’ll discuss in a later article.

How Decreasing Light Can Help Increase Desirability

April 3, 2023

Although they always look stunning in the sunshine, not every property development marketing CGI image or film needs to be lit as if it’s noon and a beautiful sunny July day.

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

Although they always look stunning in the sunshine, not every property development marketing CGI image or film needs to be lit as if it’s noon and a beautiful sunny July day.

Yes, using gorgeous sunny conditions when creating house type or street scene exteriors and interior room sets works perfectly in showcasing a space or elevation and illustrating the desirability of certain spaces.

But sometimes the room or setting can be enhanced by moving away from the norm and showcasing with lower light levels or in some cases even night-time.

Bedrooms are a great first example. We spend almost our entire time in bedrooms when light levels are lowest. They are our sanctuary, a quiet place and when dressed and lit in such a way we can really portray the ambience and tranquillity of these spaces. We’re selling the lifestyle not just the room, painting a picture and an even more realistic understanding of the homes we’re marketing off-plan.

We can bring the same desirability to other living spaces also. Sometimes a cityscape view from an urban apartment’s living space can be more attractive at night. By moving from a cool urban vibe by day, to a calm sophisticated space by night, we can exhibit the best of a city location to hook into our demographic’s aspirational lifestyle.

Interior lighting has such an effect on our environments, sometimes even from the outside. At Charterhouse Yard we wanted to showcase how the timber slatted exterior window features enhanced the architecture as the sun dropped in the sky and day turned to dusk.

By taking the time to really focus on each room or elevation in detail there are times when we can use low light to really highlight a space to maximise its desirability in the viewers mind and drive enquiries.

The Effectiveness of Opening Doors in Property Development Marketing

March 23, 2023

Have you ever stopped to consider how important doors are in the effectiveness of property development marketing?

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

Have you ever stopped to consider how important doors are in the effectiveness of property development marketing?

I can guess that’s not a question you’re asked very often.

In this age of the social media arms-race everybody is employing the technique of “disrupting the eye” as the only way to cut through the sheer weight of content now on view. Just take a look at your Pinterest feed, it seems that every third placeholder these days is a ‘fast-moving action’ advert. As annoying as this tactic is, it’s works. It’s the same with Facebook or Twitter feeds and LinkedIn posts.

Including this one.

Well, if you can’t beat them…..

But and this is an important but, we’re not just blatantly advertising here with CGI films. We’re showcasing added features and benefits that potential buyers could well miss if we stayed with static images or static room sets.

We’re allowing viewers (your buyers) to make a more informed decision.

By catching attention with opening doors, we can take the viewer into key rooms, or often more importantly, out through one space into the next to illustrate how the architecture and interior design has been designed to add flow to a room.

This is especially important when showcasing modern family living with large kitchen/dining/living spaces. By opening the large bi-fold or patio door sets the viewer is immediately drawn to the spacious garden or courtyard, or often with apartments schemes, the city or countryside views on offer with certain units.

It’s also a clever way to showcase how natural light will move through a room. By utilising our software to accurately move the light cast from the sun across an animated CGI room set on a specific calendar day (almost always mid-summer!) we can accurately depict exactly how the fenestration will allow light into an interior space.

Doors are an integral part of the marketing process. By showcasing them in an attractive and considered way we can help your potential buyers make the decision to reserve early, off-plan, with confidence and enable them to guarantee their preferred view or that south facing plot.

As always, we’re using strategies and techniques that allow buyers to reserve with both excitement and peace of mind in equal measure by making the off-plan purchasing experience as informative and enjoyable as possible, opening the door to more and quicker sales.

Sorry, I just couldn’t resist that pun!

Using QR Codes in Property Development Marketing

January 24, 2023

It’s been a slow take-up for QR codes, but they’re beginning to gain traction in the property development marketing world.

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

It’s been a slow take-up for QR codes, but they’re beginning to gain traction.

Originating in Japan in 1994, Quick Response (QR) codes have finally crossed over into our everyday lives. We’re getting used to seeing them on business cards, they are now the image on our airline boarding passes and train travel tickets, and they’re used to gain access to the cinema or events. As we become ever more tied to our phones, these strange-looking squares have become increasingly commonplace on our screens and in our lives.

But what are the merits of incorporating them into our property development site branding and hoardings?  

As with most things in this day and age, it all comes down to speed and convenience. We’ve found that adding a QR code as part of the call-to-action on site hoardings has increased engagement with prospective buyers. Using QR codes is a great way to streamline the user experience and ensure prospects can access information about the scheme as quickly and efficiently as possible.  

QR Codes can easily fit with the site branding style and colour palette

They direct potential customers to exactly where we want to take them, to the scheme’s landing page rather than the developer’s website home page.

They allow the potential buyer to interact with the development instantly and easily.  

By scanning a QR code, customers can bypass home pages and laborious click throughs and go straight to the scheme’s landing page, the sales agent’s development page or direct to the development’s WebBrochure 

Accuracy is also vitally important. Customers are likely to make errors while typing, especially on a phone. Compared to this, scanning a QR code is a much faster and error-free process. If the prospect has only a short time window, passing in the car for instance, then a quick scan has the landing page ready and waiting for a later read. The sales journey begins.  

Now we know they are, let’s face it, not very attractive. They won’t be winning any design awards or beauty contests anytime soon. They look like a bar code, because – well, that’s exactly what they are. But they can be improved by using the development’s branding style and colour palette. Bold or sophisticated colours can be a great addition to their blocky design. As long as there is a strong contrast between the background and the pixel-style scanning area, then the phone can still easily read the code. The image at the top of this article illustrates just this.  

Depending on your buyer’s demographic – not all potential buyer categories are tech-savvy so may need a nudge in the right direction – we advise adding a small instruction that nudges people to take the required action. Something along the lines of ‘Scan here to view the website’ or ‘Scan here to view the development’ is a straightforward pointer.  

In this digital era of business and marketing where everything is done through our smartphones, we’re now able to follow potential buyers as they travel along each scheme’s defined sales journey. QR codes enable us to track and measure engagement alongside other analytics, allowing us to improve and enhance our marketing strategies to drive enquiries and ultimately, accelerate off-plan sales.  

It’s time to embrace and take advantage of these odd-looking but impactful tools. We are seeing ways in which we can evolve their designs, but in some shape or form, we believe these genuinely useful sales assets are here to stay.

Could this be the future of property development marketing?

September 16, 2022

As we move away from the traditionally printed sales brochures and fully into the digital era, interaction and CGI films now take priority and become our greatest sales tools.

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

Could this be the future of property development marketing?

We believe so.

As do our clients. As do our estate agent partners.

But most importantly so do our clients’ buyers.

We call these “WebBrochures” you can see a showcase sample here >

As we move away from the traditionally printed sales brochures and fully into the digital era, interaction and CGI films now take priority and become our greatest sales tools. These films enable enhanced realism, generating a better understanding of how each new home will look, both inside and out, building better rapport with prospects.

Buyers can now fully immerse themselves in the development and build a true understanding of each scheme, creating genuine interest and excitement… and crucially for our clients – driving more enquiries.

Every room, every aspect and every key feature are showcased with more clarity with animation, building greater levels of understanding, trust, rapport and peace of mind – all so important in driving off-plan sales, for both our clients and buyers alike.

The enhanced interaction and immersion of WebBrochures delivers this in a way previously impossible.

Take a look for yourself and please let me have your comments, here’s the link you need:


Is Metaverse the next frontier for developers?

March 16, 2022

With the recent rebranding of Facebook to Meta and the rise of gaming virtual world platforms Epic Games and Trinity, the attraction of digital land acquisition is becoming a new significant investment opportunity.

Author | David Edwards, Oakfield Design & Creation

With the recent rebranding of Facebook to Meta and the rise of gaming virtual world platforms Epic Games and Trinity, the attraction of digital land acquisition is becoming a new significant investment opportunity.

In November 2021, a plot of virtual land sold for $2.43 Million, double the previous record for land prices in a virtual space.

Meta Group recently purchased the popular Decentraland, an online environment where users can exchange cryptocurrency for land and buildings. Decentraland allows users to walk through the digital world, meet other users and use customisable Avatars and Meta Group’s purchase indicates that they believe add ons or customisation of a users Avatar is where the market is going, now and in the future.

Already there is interest from high-end luxury fashion houses, which has already generated buzz and hype within the virtual world. Once users have upgraded their Avatar with the latest Rolex, Gucci outfit or Jimmy Choo shoes, it’s indicated that buying a digital property will become the next level of customisation.

Developments with more consumer choice

Customers in the real world can now also be offered an option to buy a virtual world version of their new home. Not only can they live in it in the real world, but they can also live in it in the digital world.

This additional choice can offer a more extensive range of options. You may reside in the UK, but your house in the digital world can be anywhere on the planet, in a tropical paradise, the heart of the busiest cities or perched on a tranquil, snowy mountain top.

Maybe you would like a kitchen upgrade or different roof tiles, even different weather. All these add-ons can be supplied at a low-level cost to the consumer. People’s need for instant gratification and the ever-present “keeping up with the Jones’s” can easily be satisfied in the virtual world. There is no end to the possibilities, with the only limits is being our imagination.

When will virtual worlds be accessible?

This all sounds wonderful and if truth be told, somewhat worrying. The current software and graphic capabilities are there already and improving all the time. The only drawback is the hardware to support such grand ideas. Currently, clumpy headsets and expensive equipment means this is primarily an enthusiast’s passion.

But as Mark Zuckerberg’s recent keynote suggests, he has a five-year plan to start bringing AR headsets and lightweight wearable technology to the masses and with other gaming and digital producers also accelerating this process, it is only be a matter of time before we are all able to live in a digital paradise, built and maintained by the world’s biggest and boldest property developers.

The march towards living in the virtual world has already begun.

Planning – challenges being faced

January 31, 2022

In current and future development strategy meetings with our clients and their architects, we are continually hearing that the bottlenecks in obtaining planning approval for these schemes are pushing timelines further and further back. We sat down with James Griffin, founding partner of Zesta Planning, to discuss the issues.

In current and future development strategy meetings with our clients and their architects, we are continually hearing that the bottlenecks in obtaining planning approval for these schemes are pushing timelines further and further back.

We sat down with James Griffin, founding partner of Zesta Planning, Cheltenham to discuss the issues and challenges facing developers and architects and the potential solutions to accelerating approvals.

Paul Skuse (PS)
James, before we get into the nitty-gritty of this, sometimes contentious subject, it would be great to know a little about Zesta Planning.

James Griffin (JG)
So in summary, Zesta is a dynamic planning consultancy looking to do something innovative within the market – we’re friendly, approachable and have a wide range of experience. We operate predominately throughout the West, West Midlands and South West, but also nationally when needed – we pick up a whole range of projects including commercial and housing related projects, but also bespoke rural schemes, including ‘grand design’ style new homes and conversion proposals. We work very closely with architects but also with larger development companies. Unlike a larger corporate company, all our planners at Zesta are very accessible and thrive on devoting our time to clients’ needs.

So, it sounds like you mentioned innovative at the top there, is that a key differentiator? Is it relationship based, it’s bringing a bit of freshness to what is a fairly traditional style of working with people?

Absolutely, we like to focus on the personable side to really identify what client’s needs are and that helps us stand to out from the crowd. We have a very competent team that can work directly with clients, tailoring our approach to whatever the project requires. As you suggest, I think the innovative approach is that we are personable, yet able to combine that with clear, concise advice using the vast experience we have. We’re a medium sized company, yet can bring in the vast knowledge we have in the company to problem solve and devise robust planning strategies, focused on gaining the right result.

You mentioned problem solving. Are there any key challenges and problems you are seeing out there in the marketplace at the moment?

Without doubt one of the main challenges presently is engaging with local planning authorities. With reduced council budgets, challenging staffing levels, high staff turnover and timescales often being missed, a lot of our time is focused on how best to move applications forward within the system that is, to be honest, feeling heavy strain and failing at the moment. We are quite often pulled into projects to identify how best to get applications moving, so the knowledge that our team has – from both private and public sector backgrounds, really helps tackle the unique circumstances any such application is facing.

Do you foresee that maybe there is a future where the council are still in charge of the planning from their point of view but the private sector, you, as planning consultants, are able to be given more and more responsibility to help take those bottle necks out the equation a little?

We are already starting to see that Councils are utilising contract planners. These are often ‘private planners’ who are contracted to work for the Council, so in-part it is already starting to happen. Such appointments can often be short-term however, so this can often result in a lack of consistency and high turnover. You could have a very competent planner on particular case yet that planner can easily move on. But that is why are planning strategy right from day one as it has to be tailored to the circumstances surrounding that particular local authority. We know there are local planning authorities out there that are better resourced than others and our planning strategy has to reflect that situation, to be honest. A more comprehensive privatisation approach to planning department would be very challenging given the likely adverse public perception and preserved integrity of decision making.

Highly tailored to each distract council and their staff levels, so historically you know how they work, and they are all fairly different.

Absolutely. Right from day one, we need to understand the make-up of that local authority both at officer and political level, and then tailor our approach to that circumstance. There is no doubt that utilising contract planners is certainly helping to get things moving but there is still that consistency challenge during the often lengthy decision making process. Regrettably, this does affect good place making.  Our broad experience and backgrounds at Zesta can help. We always seek to understand the intricate processes of each Council we deal with and their internal structures /context.

Their own politics.

Their own politics, exactly. Being a technically competent planner is one thing, yet to be a good place maker, you really need to understand the local decision making environment and key players involved throughout.

Are there any steps being taken by the local councils to fast-track new planners in at their end or is their thinking maybe that they can push back and lean more on yourselves, as planning consultants to take a lot of the heavy lifting away from them.

Generally speaking, I think there is a disconnect between the public and private sector in this country, which is very sad. Of course, it varies between councils but there can be a perceived lack of respect between both sides which there doesn’t need to be. Agent and developer forums can help re-addressed that but there generally needs to be an acceptance between both parties that we need to work together to deliver to nuts and bolts of what makes a place function – homes, school, parks etc.  It is often welcoming when dealing with a council officer that understands that and you can work together to achieve good quality development in a timely fashion. That all relies on trust building and mutual respect.  It happens in other countries, where there is often a closer working relationship between both sectors, in places like New Zealand and Australia. They of course have differing systems/environments  to ours, but it can happen and I do think there does need to be more outreach.

So as a wrap up of this really, is that is part of your remit, at Zesta these days, it is not just the planning consultancy side of things, the planning strategy and the process, methodology, it is actually having to understand and take a lead role from a consultancy point of view in helping the local authorities to get your planning over the line as quickly as possible?


So, you are almost hand holding in a certain way, managing the project?

Yes, absolutely in most instances.

And then approaching the entire process from a holistic point of view?

Absolutely, that is always our role as lead planning consultant on any project. It is our responsibility to be custodian of the project and obtain the right result for our client team.   This can involve intricate navigation throughout the planning process and direct engagement with officers, and their consultees. We’ve been asked to support that process in numerous ways from displaying site notices, to helping to draft sections of reports – all to help ease pressures currently being experienced and get applications moving.  Relationship building is at its heart and we do our utmost to get the Council to a point where they can make a decision, preferably favourably!

James, thank you for your insights into the challenges that you, developers and architects are facing right now as well as the local authorities, and the steps that can be taken to help push planning through the bottle necks as quickly as possible.

To find out more about James and Zesta Planning, visit Zesta Planning.

Reclaiming the city: the rise of the public realm

September 27, 2021

The pandemic caused us to take notice of many things around us and to reassess them with fresh eyes. One of these was our use of urban spaces. For a brief, blissful moment, there was a huge reduction in the traffic flowing around cities and people headed to parks and green spaces in droves.

Author | Paul Skuse, Oakfield Design & Creation

The pandemic caused us to take notice of many things around us and to reassess them with fresh eyes. One of these was our use of urban spaces. For a brief, blissful moment, there was a huge reduction in the traffic flowing around cities and people headed to parks and green spaces in droves.

However much we might rely on cars, the peace and quiet was a welcome break from the norm of traffic jams, congestion and pollution, and it has chimed with ongoing discussions about efforts to reduce congestion, limit carbon emissions and reclaim the city from the car.

What happened to the public realm?

The conversations around the right approach to creating public realm – described by the London Mayor’s Design Advisory Group (MDAG) as “the spaces around (and sometimes within) buildings in which we can go to and fro, meet people and enjoy the city” – are not new.

Back in 1997, Richard Rogers wrote in Cities for Small Planet: “Most of our public parks, squares and avenues are bequeathed to us from previous centuries. In this modern age of democracy one would expect many more important additions to the public realm, but in fact our contribution appears to be the erosion of these spaces by traffic and personal greed. The public realm is being restricted by the overbearing presence of security, the imposition of entrance fees to cultural institutions, the decline of public amenities and the dominance of the car, which reduces public spaces to narrow pavements. And buildings are being designed as if they were stand­alone objects, rather than elements that enclose and shape the public realm.”

Quality of life

The pandemic has accelerated our engagement with the public realm. The past 18 months have shown that outside space is more important than ever, and it has become an integral part of pandemic life. As The London Plan 2021 puts it, “The quality of the public realm has a significant influence on quality of life because it affects people’s sense of place, security and belonging, as well as having an influence on a range of health and social factors.”

In the UK, some city councils are attempting to reduce the number of vehicles in our city centres, with many cities introducing or trialling Clean Air Zones (CAZ): Bath and Birmingham’s CAZ are live now, while CAZ will be introduced in Bristol, Bradford, Leicester, Manchester, Newcastle, Portsmouth and Sheffield later in 2021 and 2022. London will be expanding its existing Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) in October 2021.

Design and architecture, too, have an important role to play in creating public realm spaces. Around the world, several interesting examples and initiatives in public realm design are in progress; designed to drive cars out of city centres and to encourage people to move around them.

Residents of Stockholm are being asked to help redesign the urban spaces right outside their front door. Pre-built furniture modules are replacing parking spaces with tables, benches and plants. It’s part of a government initiative to help people improve the immediate environment around their homes. In trial installations in Sweden’s capital, consultations with local communities are determining the use and configuration of the units. Further sites in Gothenburg, Helsingborg, and Malmö are in different stages of completion. This hyperlocal approach to planning is built around the concept of the one-minute city, a movement that wants people to make small, achievable differences that will add up to something bigger.

Similarly, in Paris, authorities have announced that some 70,000 surface parking spots (half of the street parking spaces in the capital city) will be gone by 2025. This will free up space, particularly on narrow and residential streets, for more eco-friendly transport options and leisure pursuits, making local neighbourhoods greener and more liveable. The deputy mayor in charge of the initiative commented, “We can no longer use 50 per cent of the capital for cars when they represent only 13 per cent of people’s journeys.”

In the UK, the London Plan 2021 sets out a framework for how London will develop over the next 20-25 years. The Public Realm policy section states that development plans and proposals should not only, “encourage and explore opportunities to create new public realm where appropriate” but also, “maximise the contribution that the public realm makes to encourage active travel and ensure its design discourages travel by car and excessive on-street parking, which can obstruct people’s safe enjoyment of the space. This includes design that reduces the impact of traffic noise and encourages appropriate vehicle speeds.” There are many more recommendations: have a read of ‘Policy D8 Public Realm’ if you’re interested in the proposals for our capital city.

Local plans for the public realm

We can already see smaller examples of public realm being incorporated into developments closer to home. In Cheltenham, a design proposal for a new plaza space at the Quadrangle that will improve the relationship between the 1970s landmark and Imperial Square Gardens has been approved by Cheltenham Borough Council. Architects and landscape architects have developed the new plaza plans, creating a softer edge between the Quadrangle and the Gardens, helping to further open up the space. The plaza will retain external seating areas for ground-floor restaurants from the original plans but will now also incorporate new landscaping to create a greater connection between the two spaces.

The Lightwell is a residential development, designed by architects Glancy Nicholls, to capture and celebrate the spirit of Colmore Business District. Surrounding a central courtyard, or ‘lightwell’, this focal point captures the light and space of the development. It sits within the Snow Hill Public Realm programme, being delivered by Colmore Business Improvement District and Birmingham City Council. The programme includes several projects to improve public transport interchange and connectivity, enhance the public realm and prioritise pedestrian movement, reallocate the unused on-street parking and encourage on-street activities.

In Bristol, there are several residential and commercial developments which have incorporated the public realm into their masterplans. Brabazon will be an entirely new city district and home to Bristol’s new Arena. Landscape architects Grant Associates have worked with architects Allies and Morrison on the masterplan and developed the overall landscape and public realm strategy for the scheme, which will incorporate commercial and leisure spaces and a generous network of open spaces, as well homes and schools, to create a new town centre.

In the city centre, The Soapworks is a new vibrant and inclusive district, located in Broad Plain, which will combine retail and commercial space, an independent food and drink offer, and new homes. Its inclusive public open space will be open to all, with improvements to the surrounding public realm and the creation of new pedestrian and cycle links planned. Similarly, commercial waterfront development Assembly Bristol places public realm at its heart, with spectacular new waterfront spaces for all to enjoy. The Broad Plain strategy area is undergoing rapid social and economic change as new development transforms the area into a flatted, residential quarter. The strategy aims to maximise the opportunities presented by the regeneration of the area and will support the community vision for an attractive central neighbourhood with convivial public spaces and people-friendly streets that is not dominated by traffic.

As our consideration of what a good work-life balance looks like has shifted over the past 18 months, so cities and their developments need to reflect this. How do you think we will see cities evolving as we transition to a new normal?